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105th INDIAN SCIENCE CONGRESS: Reaching the Unreached Through Science and Technology



105th INDIAN SCIENCE CONGRESS: Reaching the Unreached Through Science and Technology

By Neelesh Pandey

The 105th Indian Science Congress was hosted by Manipur University from 16 -20 March, 2018. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi with grand opening ceremony.

The focal theme of this year’s congress was “Reaching the Unreached Through Science and Technology.” Hosting such a prestigious event itself is a life time achievement for Manipur University as expressed by the General President, Achyuta Samamta, Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA).

This is the first time that the 105 years old and the biggest scientific event of its kind nationwide event was organised in Manipur and 2nd time in the entire North East. Earlier, the North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU), hosted the five-day ISC in Shillong, capital city of Meghalaya, from 3 -7 January, 2009. The focal theme of the Congress was ‘Science education and attraction of talent for excellence in research’. More than 4,000 delegates, consisting of scientists, engineers and technologists of different disciplines participated in the congress for sharing their expertise and experience on a common platform.

Achyuta Samamta, General President, ISCA applauded Professor Adya Prasad Pandey, Vice-Chancellor of Manipur University for hosting such a mammoth event in a very short period of two months time. Without VC’s sincere efforts and the efforts of the stakeholders of this University, it would have been impossible to have a successful event. He rather believed that it was predestined to host the 105th Indian Science Congress.

The theme, “Reaching the Unreached Through Science and Technology”, justifies this session being held in the North East, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi is paying special attention to.

We have multiple problems relating to poverty, hunger, cleanliness, health, sanitation and gender equality, etc. It is time when we must sit together with scientists to find out the way to fight with this socio-economic menace. We India are fortunate to have a leader like Prime Minister Narendra Modi who has the vision to take people to new heights with proper application of science and technology.

The 105th Indian Science Congress 2018 was organised by the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA), a premier scientific organisation in India. Approximately, 5000 delegates from all over the country and 2000 scientists participated in this mega event. Under the focal theme, “Reaching the Unreached Through Science and Technology” scientists from all over India and from across the world looked at bridging the social gaps through science and its innovations. Its thrust was on science disciplines which impact society and sustainable development.

This annual event, which is on the Prime Minister’s Calendar in January every year was postponed and changed venue for the first time in its 105-year history. It was earlier scheduled to be held at Osmania University but the event was postponed barely two weeks before the event was to commence from January 3 -7.

The ISCA was established in 1914 to the foresight and initiative of two British Chemists, namely, Professor J. L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon. It occurred to them that scientific research in India might be stimulated if an annual meeting of research workers organised on the lines of the British Association for the Advancement of Science could be arranged.

The first meeting of the Congress was held from January 15-17, 1914 at the premises of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta. 105 scientists from different parts of India and abroad attended and the papers numbering 35 were divided into six sections – Botany, Chemistry, Ethnography, Geology, Physics, Zoology – under six Sectional Presidents.

From this modest beginning, ISCA has grown into a strong fraternity with more than 40 thousand members till date. There are now 14 sections namely Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences, Anthropological and Behavioural Sciences (including Archaeology and Psychology & Educational Sciences), Chemical Sciences, Earth System Sciences, Engineering Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Information and Communication Science & Technology (including Computer Sciences), Material Sciences, Mathematical Sciences (including Statistics), Medical Sciences (including Physiology), New Biology (including Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology and Biotechnology), Physical Sciences, Plant Sciences and one Committee Science & Society.

Narendra Modi called upon the scientists to develop an appropriate mechanism for interaction with school going children. He also urged to spend 100 hours every year with 100 students of classes 10, 11, and 12 discussing various aspects of science and technology: 100 hours and 100 students, this way we can nurture many scientists.

ISCA introduced the programme for Young Scientists from the 68th session of the Indian Science Congress in 1981. The programme enables Young Scientists to present their research work with opportunities to exchange ideas in the relevant scientific problems with their counterparts and specialists. The ISCA Young Scientist Awards are given to candidates for making the best presentations. Fourteen such awards are given at present. The award amount has been enhanced from Rs. 5,000/- from 93rd session and now carries Rs. 25,000/- and a Certificate of merit. This year also 14 best paper presenters from across the country were honoured with best young scientists’ awards.

Dr Chaitana Prasad Nath of ICAR, Indian Institute of Pulse Research, Kanpur, one of the young scientist’s awardees, did his research on conservation agriculture on certain cropping system at ICAR New Delhi. Conservation agriculture is very important to mitigate climate change, enhance carbon sequestration and increase the crop per drop of water. It minimises intensive tillage operations and crop residue retention on soil surface. According to him, adopting conservation agriculture can help double farmers’ income.

Governor of Nagaland, Shree Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya inaugurated Children Science Congress on March 17. The Children Science Congress, an important event of the Indian Science Congress, was organized to provide a unique opportunity to children of the age group of 10-17 years to use their scientific temperament and knowledge and to quench their thirst for creativity by conducting scientific experiments. The two-day event encouraged children to stimulate their scientific temperament by giving the school children a unique platform to showcase their innovation and creativity in scientific projects. About 700 school children in the age group of 10-17 yrs participated at various levels from the districts, states & union territories. Science Congress identified papers for the award based on the originality of their works.

Prizes and certificate were distributed to the participants of the Indian Science Congress Model Exhibition competition. Winners of the poster painting competition and NSCTC Project Presenters were also awarded. Cash prizes of rupees 5000,3000 and 2000 along with certificates were distributed to the 1st , 2nd and 3rd position holders of the Local Model Exhibition Competition respectively. Consolation prize of rupees 1000 each with certificates and kits were awarded to the rest of the participants as an encouragement.

Shir Keshari Nath Tripath, Governor of West Bengal inaugurated the 7th Edition of Science Congress for women at the Centenary Hall of Manipur University.

“Women if given the opportunity and support may excel in any field. In this light the 7th Women Science Congress should be able to pave ways for our women folks,” said Shri Keshari Nath Tripathi Hon’ble Governor of West Bengal in his inaugural speech. He mentioned in his speech that women need to be brought into the limelight as they have been underrepresented in the field of science and technology. He also noted the tremendous roles of Manipuri women who are contributing in maintaining the peace and harmony of the state and also playing a major role in contributing to the economic and commercial activities.

Dr. Veena Pandey stressed on the importance of hosting the Women Science Congress as part of the Indian Science Congress as it will grow the interest of many younger women and girls in the field of science. She singled out the fact that in terms of women empowerment, Manipur as a state is a great example, as the women of this state are empowered in various ways.  “A nation will progress when its women takes the steps towards progress. Women scientist of India will help to bring progress and development to the nation,” Dr. Pandey said.

“Let us not forget that behind the simple, docile and humble identity of every woman there is a razor sharp brain, and an uncanny ability to execute, to convert thought into action without much effort,” Shir Keshari Nath Tripath, Governor of West Bengal  said in the inaugural function of the 11th Women’s Science Congress.

Women if given the opportunity and support may excel in any field. It is a great step to removing the disparity that exists between them and their male counterparts. Through Women’s Science Congress, more young female minds can be inspired to be a part of scientific community, to engage themselves in active research in science. Indian women have significant contributions at various levels but contribution in field of Science and Technology is less than expected. This Women Science Congress may be regarded a small but an important step towards women empowerment through science and technology.

Women of Manipur are brave, courageous and enterprising. They contribute in maintaining peace and harmony in the state. They take major role in economic and commercial activities. The local and traditional markets are run by the women only. History proves the bravery and courageous nature of Manipuri women right from the British rule in India. In times of turmoil and unrest in the state women come to the forefront to resolve and bring peace. These women equipped with scientific and technological acumen can go a long way in bringing overall development of the region and the nation at large.

Prof. Vijay Laxmi Saxena said that Women Science Congress was held for the 7th time to salute the enthusiasm of Indian women and commemorate their contributions to the society. India is a country with 50% of female population. So, women empowerment is immensely important for the development of the country. She said in spite of women performing exceedingly well in school and colleges very few women make science and technology as their chosen career due to certain limitations raised by our society and opt out of their professional career. She said the most important step was to empower women to remove the gender disparity and gender bias.

Mrs. Namita Gupta also pointed out that Women’s Science Congress has been successfully organising for the last six years. In rural settings even today some people have the notion that women should get married early and maintain household rather than pursue the bright path of knowledge. The same challenges still persist in urban areas sometimes despite significant development. More women scientists should participate in spreading science as a career. She asserted that the study of National Academies also reveals that the number of women fellows is not proportionate to the number of women scientists. She said that the women’s science congress forum may bring out an action plan to evolve parity.

Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, Shri Y. Joykumar Singh inaugurated the Women’s Science Congress on March 19.  The 7th Women Science Congress opened with two sessions categorized into two themes: Women and Science – Reaching the Unreached and Women and Health Issues respectively. Eminent women science professionals took part on the first day of the women science congress by presenting their research papers on the two given themes.

Pride of India Expo awards were presented in seven categories, with the Department of Science & Technology bagging the award for the Most Innovative Stall and the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports being declared the Most Interactive Stall. The award for Best Design was given to Directorate of Advertising & Visual Publicity and National Highways Authority of India.

Gujarat and Odisha state governments were awarded the Best State Participation. The stalls of Defence Research & Development Organisation & Indian Council of Medical Research were declared Most Informative, while Council of Scientific & Industrial Research and Ministry of Earth Sciences were declared ‘Exhibitor of the Year’. The State of Manipur and National Small Industries Corporation was presented with a Special Recognition Award.

The pride of India (PoI) Expo organised concurrently with the 105th Indian Science Congress (ISC) in Manipur University had become the most happening place in this biggest convention of the scientists of the country.

Spread over an area of more than 18,000 sq m, almost equal to the size of two cricket fields, the expo showcased cutting-edge technologies, scientific products and services, achievements, innovations, initiatives and vision for future of India’s leading public and private organisations, research labs, and institutions dealing with science and technologies, education, defence, space, life sciences, health care, agriculture & food processing, energy, environment, infrastructure and automobiles. There were about 500 stalls put up by 150 organisations.

Apart from scientific models and other technological samples and innovations from various laboratories, the dinosaur egg fossils displayed at the Geological Survey of India’s stall and sports stall in particular were the main crowd-pullers.

A minimum of 1,000 visitors daily came to see the expo.  The visitors were coming from various parts of the state to witness the first ever expo organised at such large scale. It created a local impact through the children who visited the expo where the government’s research and development labs demonstrated latest research and technologies to them to whet their interest in science and technologies.

The scientists and experts attending the ISC have discussed and shared their findings and knowledge through 14 different sections and takes respective recommendations for the further incorporation and implementation in the policymaking process of the government.

“Prime Minister’s Research Fellows” scheme has also been recently approved. Under this scheme, bright minds from the best Institutions in the country, namely , IISc, IIT, NIT, IISER and IIIT will be offered direct admission in Ph.D. programme in IIT and IISc. This scheme will help address the brain drain from our country. It will go a long way in promoting indigenous research in cutting-edge Science and Technology domains.

In the day’s valedictory, General President-elect, 106th Indian Science Congress Association, Prof Manoj Kumar Chakrabarti announced that the 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress will be held from January 3-7, 2019 at Barkatullah University in Bhopal. The theme will be “Future India: Science & Technology”.

Besides holding scientific discussions and knowledge sharing sessions by scientists and experts from various parts of the country and abroad through 14 different science sections, Children’s Science Congress, Women’s Science Congress and Science Communicators meet were also organised as part of the 105th ISC.

Hon’ble Chief Minister of Manipur said 105th Indian Science Congress would give an enriching knowledge and experience to the students and scholars particularly to the people of Manipur. This would give an opportunity to the outside world to see this tiny and highly promising and beautiful state. This event happened here in Manipur because of our prime minister’s determination to have a new India with North East India.

Prof. Adya Prasad Pandey, Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor of Manipur University expressed his gratitude to the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi,  Dr. Najma Heptulla, Hon’ble Governor of Manipur and N. Biren Singh, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Manipur for all the support and inspiration rendered to make the 105th edition of Indian Science Congress a grand success. Pandey expressed that Manipur University is honoured to organise the 105th Indian Science Congress. The event has given impetus to inculcate scientific temper among the young students of Manipur and other states. He hoped that the attitude and approach of the students towards science will now change under the impulsion of the just concluded prestigious scientific event. VC conveyed that one the main objectives of the meet was to propagate science and so that it percolate to the grassroots level. Around 7000 students’ participation in the Children’s Science Congress laid a new foundation in the field of science and technology for the future generation by infusing the spirit of scientific temper to these young minds. Once the correct perspective of science is conceived in their minds, they can fathom the wonders of science and technology. This will help in our endeavour of explaining science to all so that not a single person is left with the slightest of doubt about science. He applauded all the stakeholders of the event, faculty members, staff, students, volunteers, media, government departments, and everyone who directly or indirectly contributed to the success of 105th Indian Science Congress and making it a historic event.  A trend has been set and we need to rise on.


OnePlus to launch Nord CE 3 in India, specs and price leaked ahead of global debut

OnePlus may soon expand its affordable smartphone series Nord CE. It is being claimed that the company is going to launch the new OnePlus Nord CE 3 in July this year. As per the leaks, the OnePlus Nord CE 3 will be introduced as a successor to the OnePlus Nord CE 2.



OnePlus smartphone

OnePlus may soon expand its affordable smartphone series Nord CE. It is being claimed that the company is going to launch the new OnePlus Nord CE 3 in July this year. As per the leaks, the OnePlus Nord CE 3 will be introduced as a successor to the OnePlus Nord CE 2. The information about the phone has also been revealed ahead of its official debut on many digital platforms. However, the company has not yet given any information regarding the same as yet.

According to a report by My Smart Price, the OnePlus Nord CE 3 is expected to launch in July alongside of OnePlus Nord 3. The tipster also has claimed about the specification of the phone as well. Scroll down to know more about the smartphone.

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According to tipster Steve Hemmerstoffer (@OnLeaks), the OnePlus CE 3 will come with a display with 120Hz refresh rate, under which the user will be able to have a high definition display quality while playing videos. The handset is also likely to feature a 6.72 inch Full HD Plus AMOLED display. Earlier it was being said that this phone will be introduced with an IPS LCD screen. However, the confirmation is still awaited.

Leaks also suggested that the OnePlus Nord CE 3 is expected to be powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 782G processor coupled with up to 12GB of RAM and up to 256GB of inbuilt storage. The upcoming OnePlus Nord CE 3 could be equipped with three rear cameras. The phone can get a 50-megapixel Sony IMX890 primary sensor, an 8-megapixel ultra-wide-angle lens, and a 2-megapixel macro lens. The phone is expected to get a 16-megapixel sensor for selfie and video calls.

The handset is said to have an in-display fingerprint sensor, a 5000mAh battery with 80W fast charging support, dual-band Wi-Fi, 5G, 4G LTE, Bluetooth and a USB Type-C port.

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Vivo launches color-changing back panel smartphone V27 Pro in India, check price and specs

The Chinese smartphone manufacturer Vivo has launched its awaited color-changing back panel smartphone V27 Pro in India, along with the lower variant V27. Interested customers can purchase the handset in magic blue and noble black color



Vivo V27 Smartphone

The Chinese smartphone manufacturer Vivo has launched its awaited color-changing back panel smartphone V27 Pro in India, along with the lower variant V27. Interested customers can purchase the handset in magic blue and noble black color. Pre-booking of Vivo V27 Pro has started and sales will be from March 6. The sale of Vivo V27 will start from 23 March.

As per the official details, the handset is the upgraded version of the Vivo V25 series, which was launched last year. The company has introduced the Vivo V27 Series with Android 13-based Funtouch OS 13 and MediaTek processor, under which customers will be able to access heavy applications without and lag.

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Know everything about the Vivo’s Vivo V27 and V27 Pro

As per the photos shared by the company, Vivo V27 Pro and Vivo V27 come with a 3D curved screen with a refresh rate of 120Hz that offers users to have a high-definition screen experience while playing any video. It comes with a glass panel that changes color whenever some light or sun rays strike it. Both Vivo V27 Pro and Vivo V27 phones have three rear cameras, and features. The Vivo V27 Pro has a MediaTek Dimensity 8200 processor, while Vivo V27 has Dimensity 7200 5G processor. Both the chipset have been considered the advance chipset in the Indian market.

Price of Vivo’s V27 and V27 Pro

The price of 128 GB storage with 8 GB RAM of Vivo V27 Pro is Rs 37,999. At the same time, the price of 256 GB storage with 8 GB RAM has been kept at Rs 39,999. The 256 GB storage variant with the phone’s 12 GB RAM is priced at Rs 42,999. The price of 128 GB storage with 8 GB RAM of Vivo V27 has been priced at Rs 32,999 and 256 GB storage with 12 GB RAM has been priced at Rs 36,999.

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Samsung set to launch Galaxy S23 FE, design and specs leaked ahead of official launch



The leading smartphone manufacturer Samsung recently launched the Galaxy S23 series in India, since then, the handsets became the talk of the time. Now the company is all set to attract more customers as it has decided to launch an affordable variant of Samsung Galaxy S23 FE in the country.

Ahead of the official launch, many information such as specs, design leaked on digital platforms, claiming the handset might come with the latest processor with a 120 Hz AMOLE display that will allow users to have a high-definition experience while playing videos or using the phone. As per the leaks, the phone could be equipped with a flagship chipset launched by Qualcomm last year. However, the South Korean tech giant hasn’t revealed anything regarding the same as of now. Not even the price and launch date.

Once launched, interested customers can purchase the smartphone from the company’s authorized store. If one wants it at an additional discount, they can purchase the phone from the e-commerce giant Amazon or Flipkart.

Know everything about Samsung Galaxy S21 FE

Tipster Connor (@OreXda) claims that the Samsung Galaxy S23 FE will be powered by the Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 processor. It is the second most powerful chipset from Qualcomm after Snapdragon 8 Gen 2. A lot of flagship phones of this year shared the with same Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 such as OnePlus 11R, Xiaomi 12S Ultra, Asus Zenfone 9, Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 4, and Oppo Find N2 among others.

It said that the upcoming Samsung Galaxy S21 FE might replace the company’s feature-loaded smartphone Galaxy A74. It is expected that the company likely to launch the S21 FE at a similar price as A74.

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