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CJI Dr Justice DY Chandrachud’s key judgments in Supreme Court

Chief Justice of India Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud, during his six-year tenure as Supreme Court judge, has used his vast knowledge of law and the Constitution to deliver verdicts, which have redefined the Indian judiciary. Some of the most remarkable judgements by the 50th CJI are:

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Chief Justice of India Dr Justice Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud has been part of many landmark verdicts, during his six-year tenure as a Supreme Court judge. With sound knowledge of law and the Constitution, he has given verdicts redefining the Indian judiciary. Some of the most remarkable verdicts by the CJI-designate are:

Permanent commission for women in armed forces

A Bench led by Dr Justice DY Chandrachud broke the glass ceiling by enabling women officers in the Indian Army to get permanent commission and command postings in February, 2020. The Apex Court rejected the Centre’s stance on their physical limitations, which was based on gender performance and other stereotypes that discriminated against women.

Another Bench headed by him later delivered a similar verdict for women in the Indian Navy, permitting them a permanent commission as well.

Right to Privacy as a fundamental right

On August 24, 2017, a nine-judge Constitution Bench, headed by Justice Chandrachud, unanimously held that the right to privacy should be guaranteed as a fundamental right under the Constitution. The order was passed on a writ petition filed by Justice KS Puttaswamy, a retired judge of the High Court, challenging the constitutional validity of the Aadhaar scheme introduced by the UPA Government.

Decriminalisation of Section 377 under the Indian Penal Code

On September 6, 2018, the five-Judge Bench led by then Chief Justice of India and also comprising Justice Rohinton Nariman, Justice DY Chandrachud, Justice AM Khanwilkar and Justice Indu Malhotra partially struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, decriminalising same-sex relations between consenting adults on the grounds that it discriminated against individuals on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity, thus violating Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution.

The Apex Court, however, upheld the provisions in Section 377 that criminalised non-consensual acts or sexual acts performed on animals.

Granting abortion rights to unmarried women, transgenders

The Supreme Court bench headed by Justice Chandrachud extended the benefits of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 (MTP Act) to unmarried women and transgenders on September 29 this year.

The verdict was delivered on the International Safe Abortion Day, with the Bench noting that the law should not decide the beneficiaries of a statute based on narrow patriarchal principles about what constitutes permissible sex as it would create invidious classifications.

Striking down Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code

A five-Judge Bench, comprising then Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice RF Nariman, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud and Justice Indu Malhotra termed Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) as unconstitutional on the grounds that it was parochial, arbitrary and violated the right to equality and privacy.

Entry of women in Sabarimala temple

A five-judge Constitution Bench of then CJI Ranjan Gogoi, Justice Rohinton Nariman, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Indu Malhotra permitted women of menstruating age to enter Sabarimala temple in September 2018, observing that all Hindu pilgrims, regardless of gender, were permitted to enter the temple.

Any exception placed on women because of biological differences violated the Right to Equality under Article 14 and the Right to Freedom of Religion under Article 25 of the Constitution, the Court had held.

The Ayodhya verdict

The five-Judge Constitution Bench, led by the then Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, and comprising Justice SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice Abdul S Nazeer, brought down the curtains on November 9, 2019 on the 161-year-old case, by clearing the path for the construction of a Ram Temple at the Ayodhya site. The Apex Court had further directed the Central government to allot five acres to the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board for building a mosque.

Giving recognition to living will of terminally-ill patients for passive euthanasia

A five-judge bench comprising the then CJI Dipak Misra, Justice AK Sikri, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Ashok Bhushan delivered a verdict on March 9, 2018, recognising the ‘living will’ made by terminally-ill patients for passive euthanasia.

Razing of Supertech’s Twin Towers

On August 31, 2021, a Bench headed by Justice Chandrachud had upheld the Allahabad High Court order, giving its nod to the demolition of the twin towers by real-estate major Supertech on the grounds that the 40-storey buildings located in Noida were constructed illegally, and violated building norms.

Education

Maharashtra man overcomes 10 years of failure to pass class 10 exam

Krishna finally cleared his Class 10 exam and became a source of inspiration for the entire village and brought joy to his family. His achievement was celebrated along with drumbeats and a grand procession

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Maharashtra man overcomes 10 years of failure to pass class 10 exam

A Maharashtra man became an example of perseverance and determination after he cleared the Class 10 board examination after 10 unsuccessful attempts. Krishna Namdev Munde, from Beed city in Maharashtra, showed how unwavering perseverance in one’s efforts can take a person to success.

Krishna finally cleared his Class 10 exam and became a source of inspiration for the entire village and brought joy to his family. His achievement was celebrated along with drumbeats and a grand procession. Krishna, who had faced disappointment 10 times before, never let his failure waver his determination. He had been trying to pass the Class 10 exam since 2018 and Krishna’s efforts finally bore fruits this year which proves that with hard work, one can overcome any challenge.

Krishna’s father, Namdev Munde, told the media how the family supported him throughout his journey and said his son has passed after 10 attempts in 5 years. But he kept submitting the fees, as he wanted to give him every opportunity.

Krishna is a student of Ratneshwar School in Parli taluka and had previously failed in History subject. But, this year, he passed in all his subjects. His accomplishment signifies a personal victory and proves the power of perseverance and the significance of never abandoning one’s aspirations. As soon as the Maharashtra board Class 10 result 2024 was announced, Krishna’s father took out a procession and villagers joined in with drums and even carried Krishna on their shoulders.

The SSC Results for class 10 were announced for Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE) on Monday, with 95.81% of the students clearing the exam. Girl students outshone boys, scoring 2.56 % higher than them. In 2023, girls secured a pass percentage of 95.87 %, while boys achieved a pass percentage of 92.05%. Krishna’s story is shining example of perseverance and teaches that one should not give up on his dreams until he achieves them.

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India News

Monsoon lands two days early in Kerala, the Northeast

With this early monsoon, above-normal rainfall expected from June to September.

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Monsoon lands two days early in Kerala, the Northeast

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has confirmed the early onset of the monsoon over Kerala and northeast India, marking the commencement of the rainy season. This year, the monsoon arrived two days ahead of schedule, heralding above-normal rainfall expected from June to September. The IMD meticulously considered various parameters before officially declaring the onset of the monsoon.

The IMD’s announcement on Thursday signified the initiation of the four-month-long rainy season across the country. The simultaneous arrival of the monsoon over Kerala and Northeast India deviated from its typical schedule, reaching the mainland two days earlier than the customary date of onset over Kerala, usually observed on June 1st. This early arrival echoes a similar occurrence seven years ago, precisely on May 30, 2017.

The early onset of the monsoon carries significant implications for various sectors, including agriculture, water resource management, and public infrastructure. Farmers in Kerala and Northeast India can anticipate favorable conditions for crop cultivation, with the timely arrival of rainfall boosting agricultural output. Nonetheless, authorities must also remain vigilant against potential challenges such as flooding and landslides, which often accompany heavy monsoon rains.

Furthermore, the IMD’s announcement enables stakeholders to undertake necessary preparations and precautions to mitigate the impact of the monsoon season. Adequate infrastructure maintenance, disaster management strategies, and community awareness programs are essential components of ensuring resilience against the monsoon’s effects.

The early arrival of the monsoon in Kerala and Northeast India signifies the onset of the rainy season, bringing both opportunities and challenges for the region. As the country embraces the forthcoming months of abundant rainfall, coordinated efforts across sectors are imperative to harness the benefits of the monsoon while safeguarding against its potential adversities.

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2024 Lok Sabha Elections

Akhilesh Yadav says people are so angry they will make it difficult for BJP to win 140 seats

Yadav accused the BJP of neglecting farmers and waiving loans of only industrialists and promised that the loans of farmers will be waived after the INDIA bloc government is formed.

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Akhilesh Yadav says people are so angry they will make it difficult for BJP to win 140 seats

Samajwadi Party president Akhilesh Yadav on Thursday said it would be difficult for the BJP to win even 140 seats in the ongoing Lok Sabha elections. Yadav took a jibe over the NDA’s slogan of Abki baar 400 paar, and said, they have forgotten their slogan of crossing 400 Lok Sabha seats. He added the people are so angry that they will make it difficult for the BJP to win even 140 seats.

The SP leader attacked Prime Minister Narendra Modi and said he has started stumbling due to anxiety. He accused the BJP of neglecting farmers and waiving loans of only industrialists and promised that the loans of farmers will be waived after the INDIA bloc government is formed. Akhiliesh Yadav was addressing a joint rally in support of Congress candidate from Maharajganj, Virendra Chaudhary.

The former Uttar Pradesh CM accused the central government of deliberately leaking recruitment exam papers so that the youth remains unemployed and in order to snatch reservation. Yadav promised the people that the opposition parties will provide jobs and demolish the Agniveer scheme of recruitment in the Indian army after the INDIA alliance government is formed.

He pointed that BJP is putting up big tents for their events but people are not coming. He further added the BJP is making the government officials sit in the election rallies in plain clothes to fill the tents. Lok Sabha elections are going to take place in Maharajganj on June 1.

Earlier the SP leader told the media that they have seen massive voting in favour of SP and INDIA bloc in the sixth phase. People have extended unprecedented support to them and it seemed that the NDA will be left much behind. He said earlier he used to say that the INDIA Bloc are ahead in 79 seats and the fight is only 1 seat. But now it seems that they are ahead on all 80 seats in Uttar Pradesh.

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