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NITI Aayog health index report: Kerala tops again, Uttar Pradesh worst

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NITI Aayog health index report: Kerala tops again, Uttar Pradesh worst

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Kerala has once again emerged as the top ranking state in the second health index report of NITI Aayog, while the worst is Uttar Pradesh at the bottom, preceded by Rajasthan, Bihar and Odisha.

The Health Index consists of 24 indicators grouped in the domains of  Health Outcomes, Governance and Information, and Key Inputs/Processes. The States and Union Territories (UTs) have been ranked in three categories to ensure comparison among similar entities – Larger States, Smaller States, and UTs. The second round of the health index accounts for the period 2015-16 (base year) to 2017-18 (reference year).

The report has been prepared in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare with technical assistance from the World Bank. The States were sensitized about the Health Index including indicator definitions, data sources and process for data submission through a series of regional workshops and mentor support was provided to most States.

Data was submitted by States on the online portal hosted by NITI Aayog and data from sources in the public domain was pre-entered. This data was then validated by an IVA and was used as an input into automated generation of Index values and ranks on the portal

Last year, in February the first round of the health index was released, which measured the annual and incremental performances of States and UTs for the period 2014-15(base year) to 2015-16 (reference year).

Here are some excerpts from the report:

In the base year (2014-15), the composite Health Index ranged from 28.14 in Uttar Pradesh to 80 in Kerala. On an average, modest improvement was observed between the base and reference year, with the difference between the worst and best performing States narrowing.

In the reference year 2015-16, Uttar Pradesh at 33.69 remained the poorest performing State,  and Kerala remained the best performing State despite a slight decline in the Health Index to 76.55.

The top five performing States in the reference year based on the composite Index score are  Kerala  (76.55), Punjab (65.21), Tamil Nadu (63.38), Gujarat (61.99), and Himachal Pradesh (61.20).

On the other end of the spectrum, Uttar Pradesh (33.69) scored the lowest and ranks at the bottom preceded by  Rajasthan  (36.79),  Bihar  (38.46),  Odisha  (39.43),  and  Madhya  Pradesh  (40.09).

Among the 21 Larger States, only five States improved their position from base to reference year. These States are Punjab,  Andhra  Pradesh,  Jammu  &  Kashmir, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

The most significant progress was observed in Jharkhand and Jammu & Kashmir. Both States moved up by four positions in the ranking.

Punjab improved its performance in the ranking by three positions. Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have shown modest improvement – both up by one position.

Despite increases in the composite Health Index scores, the rankings of  Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh did not change between base and reference years.

Kerala continued to be at the top position and the remaining States fell in ranking by 1-2 positions.

There is a large gap in overall performance between the best and the least performing States and UTs; besides, all States and UTs have substantial scope for improvement:

In the reference year (2015-16) among Larger States, the Index score for overall performance ranged widely between 33.69 in Uttar Pradesh to 76.55  in  Kerala.  Similarly,  among  Smaller  States,  the  Index  score  for  overall  performance  varied  between  37.38  in  Nagaland  to  73.70  in  Mizoram,  and  among  UTs  this  varied  between 34.64 in Dadra & Nagar Haveli to 65.79 in Lakshadweep.

Among Larger States, the variation between the best and least performing States and UTs was the widest around 43 points as compared with 36 points in Smaller States and 31 points in UTs. However, based on the highest observed overall Index scores in each category of  States and UTs, clearly there is room for improvement in all States and UTs .

The States and UTs rank differently on overall performance and annual incremental   performance: States and UTs that start at lower levels of the Health Index (lower levels of  development of  their health systems) are generally at an advantage in notching up incremental progress over States with high Health Index score due to diminishing marginal returns in outcomes for similar effort levels. It is a challenge for States at high levels of the Index score even to maintain their performance levels. For  example, Kerala ranks on top in terms of overall  performance  and  at  the  bottom  in  terms  of   incremental progress mainly as it had already achieved a low level of  Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and  Under-five  Mortality  Rate  (U5MR)  and  replacement  level  fertility,  leaving  limited  space  for  any  further improvements.

The incremental measurement shows that about one-third of the States have registered a decline in  their  Health  Indices  in  the  reference  year  as  compared  to  the  base  year:  This  is  a  matter  of   concern and should nudge the States into reviewing and revitalizing their programmatic efforts. Among the Larger States, six States, namely Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Haryana and Kerala have shown a decline in performance from base year to reference year, despite some of them being  among  the  top  ten  in  overall  performance.  Among the smaller states, Sikkim, Arunachal  Pradesh, Tripura and Nagaland have shown a decline; and among the UTs, Chandigarh and Daman & Diu have shown a decline.

The Health Index will  be  calculated  and  disseminated  annually,  with  a  focus  on  measuring  and  highlighting  annual  incremental improvement in the States and UTs, the NITI Aayog said in the report. The composite Health Index and ranking of  States and   UTs   will   assist   in   monitoring   the   States’   performance,   also   serving   as   an   input   for   performance-based incentives, leading ultimately to improvements in the state of  health in each State.

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India News

Lok Sabha elections: BJP candidate Mukesh Dalal wins from Surat after opponents remain out of fray

BJP’s Surat Lok Sabha candidate Mukesh Dalal has won the seat unopposed

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Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate Mukesh Dalal is elected unopposed from Gujarat’s Surat Lok Sabha constituency after all other contenders withdrew their candidature.

Gujrat BJP chief CR Paatil took to hi social media account X, formerly Twitter, and congratulated Dalal for being elected unopposed.

This latest developmnet comes after the cancellation of two Congress candidates’ nominations on Sunday and the withdrawal of eight more on Monday.

The Congress candidate for the Surat Lok Sabha constituency, Nilesh Kumbhani, had his nomination form canceled since he was unable to produce even one of his three proposers before the election commissioner.

The differences in three proposers’ signatures on Kumbhani’s nomination form had drawn scrutiny from the BJP.

The Congress’s replacement candidate from Surat, Suresh Padsala, had his nomination form nullified as well, which eliminated the party from the race in the city.

Returning Officer Sourabh Pardhi issued an order stating that the four nomination forms that Kumbhani and Padsala had presented were refused because there were initially found differences in the proposers’ signatures, making them seem fake.

Pardhi’s order also mentioned that the proposers acknowledged having signed the forms themselves in their affidavits. It should be noted that Kumbhani’s three proposers were related to him.

Nilesh Kumbhani was given a day by the Returning Officer to submit his response following the proposers’ claim. The congressional candidate arrived at the polling place with his representative; however, none of his three proposers showed up.

According to the order, the Congress candidate’s attorney had requested that the camera tape be checked, and even their presence was not discovered.

Meanwhile, the Congress said that everyone was afraid of the government’s threat and accused the ruling BJP of being involved in dirty play.

Congress leader and activist Babu Mangukiya said that Kumbhani’s three proposers had been abducted, and he suggested that the Returning Officer look into this matter rather than the validity of the signed form.

According to Mangukiya, it was improper to cancel the form without first telechecking the signatures and determining whether or not the proposers’ signatures were accurate.

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India News

Arvind Kejriwal writes letter to Tihar Jail officials, asks for insulin daily

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, jailed in the now-scrapped liquor policy case, said he had been requesting insulin daily due to high blood sugar levels

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Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, who is a diabetic patient who filed a legal action alleging that Tihar Jail staff denied him the supply of  insulin for 31 days, has taken aim at the jail administration, charging them with alse statements and lying under political pressure (from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party).

According to sources, the Aam Aadmi Party chief, who is arrest by the Enforcement Directorate on March 21 in connection with an alleged Delhi liquor policy scam, wrote a letter to the superintendent of Tihar Jail after the jail set up a video conference with medical professionals from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), which is run by the central government. Jail officials said that the insulin supply had not been increased following the discussion.

The doctors assured Kejriwal that there is no serious concern, and they suggested him to continue with the prescribed medicines, which will be evaluated regularly, according to jail officials.

Kejriwal, however, views the situation differently.

The Delhi CM mentioned in his letter, that he read the Tihar administration’s statement in the press. After reading the statements, he was sad. In his letter, Kejriwal said, Tihar Jail’s two claims are false. He requests insulin every day. He told the jail authority that sugar levels are high after displaying the glucometer readings to them three times a day, he added.

He continued saying  that the values for sugar levels are between 250 and 320 mg/dl, and that he demandeds insulin almost every day. Then how the jail officials are claiming that he never brought up the topic of insulin?, the AAP leader said.

Kejriwal also mentioned the data of World Health Organization (WHO) which says, the expected values for normal fasting blood glucose concentration are between 70 and 100 mg/dL (or milligrams per decilitre).

AIIMS doctors never said there is nothing to worry about. They said they will respond after looking at the (medical) data and (patient) history, added the chief minister.

He is believed to have told the jail chief, the Tihar administration is lying under political pressure,in an effort to increase hostilities with the Centre, which he has accused of having a political vendetta, in the run-up to the May 25 Lok Sabha election in the national capital.

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Entertainment

Ranveer Singh files FIR in viral Deepfake video case

The official spokesperson of Ranveer Singh has confirmed that anFIR has been lodged by the Cyber Crime Cell.

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Bollywood actor Ranveer Singh, who’s recent deepfake video went viral on the intenet, has filled a police complaint over it.  After Rashmika Mandanna, Alia Bhatt and Nora Fatehi’s deepfake videos went viral, there was a general outcry against the improper use of technology and the lack of sufficient legal protections that have allowed this dangerous application of artificial intelligence (AI) to proliferate.

In a recent development, Ranveer Singh’s official spokesman revealed that a FIR has been filed for the Cyber Crime Cell to conduct additional investigation in response to a police complaint made by Ranveer.

The spokesperson said in a statement, yes, they have filed the police complaint and FIR has been lodged against the handle that was promoting the AI-generated deepfake video of Ranveer Singh.

In an artificial intelligence (AI) produced deepfake video, the actor can be seen discussing politics. However, originally the video was from his recent trip to Varanasi, but the audio is a voice clone created using artificial intelligence.

The Band Baja Barat actor was seen in the video pleading with voters to support Nayay (justice) in the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. It was eventually made clear, though, that the viral video had been altered and changed. In addition, Ranveer addressed the matter and issued a social media warning, writing on X, “Deepfake se bacho dostonnnn.”

Earlier this month, Bollywood actor Aamir Khan was seen endorsing a political party in another deepfake video that went viral on social media. Following widespread public interest in the video, Mumbai police acted and filed an FIR against an unidentified individual. Khan’s office filed a police report (FIR) at the Khar Police station, citing pertinent parts of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) such as 419 (impersonation), 420 (cheating), and other Information Technology Act sections.

Aamir Khan’s spokesperson then released a statement in which they made it clear that the widely circulated video was fake.

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