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Pride Month 2022: A timeline of India’s LGBTQ movement’s struggle against Section 377

In India, homosexual intercourse was declared an unnatural and a criminal offence under Chapter 16, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

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Pride Month 2022

Humans, unapologetically humans!

June is here and so is Pride Month. Every year, the LGBTQ community across the globe come together to celebrate their existence and sexuality in the month of June which is referred to as Pride Month.

LGBTQI is an abbreviation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Intersex community. Over the year, the movement has gained wide recognition and has also witnessed celebrities coming out and extending their support to the community. However, the debate on the legal rights of the LGBTQ community continues.

Pride Month

Pride Month began in 1969 when the gay rights parade in New York City met with resistance from the NYPD. This triggered the first pride parade on June 28. The parade took place to make people aware of their rights, choices, and struggles of the LGBTQI community.

In India, homosexual intercourse was declared an unnatural and a criminal offence under Chapter 16, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Even after independence, homosexuality remained a criminal offence.

A timeline of India’s LGBTQ movement’s struggle against Section 377

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On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution came into effect which introduced Article 14, the right to equality, Article 15, the prohibition of discrimination based on religion, caste, race, sex or place of birth, and Article 21, the right to privacy and personal dignity to all citizens. These articles speak about equality, privacy, and discrimination yet homosexuality remained a criminal offence in India.

In July 2009, the Delhi High Court made a landmark decision and Justice Shah and Justice S Muralidhar struck down Section 377 of the IPC. However, on December 11, 2013, the Supreme Court overturned the decision ruled out by the Delhi High Court and stated that amending or repealing Section 377 should be looked upon by the Parliament and not the judiciary.

On January 28, 2014, the Supreme Court dismissed a review petition filed by the Central Government, NGO Naz Foundation and others and ordered to reconsider the December 11 verdict on Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. However, a two-judge bench passed the popular National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) judgement by which the transgender community were given the right to be called the third gender.

On December 18, 2015, the senior Congress leader, Shashi Tharoor, introduced a Bill to Lok Sabha for the decriminalisation of Section 377. But, the Bill was rejected by the house by a vote of 71-24.

On February 2, 2016, the Supreme Court and a five-judge bench reviewed a petition by Naz Foundation.

In 2018, the Supreme Court reconsidered its 2013 decision on homosexuality. On July 10, a five bench led by Justice Dipak Misra and comprising of Justice RF Nariman, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice DY Chandrachud, and Justice Indu Malhotra began hearing petitions that challenged Section 377. The petitioners argued that section 377 violated fundamental rights mentioned in the Indian Constitution.

It was on September 6, 2018, when the Supreme Court made a historic decision to strike down Section 377 and decriminalised homosexuality. India finally bid adieu to the 150-year-old rule.

Cut to 2022, the struggle of the LGBTQ+ community continues.

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India News

63 passengers placed on No Fly List in last one year, says Ministry of Civil Aviation

The majority of passengers who have been placed on the No Fly List were either not wearing masks or not cooperating with crew members onboard.

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No Fly List

The Ministry of Civil Aviation on Monday said a total of 63 passengers have been placed on the No Fly List on the last one year.

The decision was taken by the airline’s Internal Committee, constituted in accordance with Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR), Section 3-Air Transport, Series M, and Part VI titled Handling of unruly/disruptive passengers.

In a written reply by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Civil Aviation Gen Dr VK Singh to a question in Rajya Sabha today, the ministry also informed that these include two incidents of urinating that came to the notice of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation in the last one year.

The reply also mentioned that the majority of passengers who have been placed on the No Fly List were either not wearing masks or not cooperating with crew members onboard. The Ministry also informed that necessary action was taken by the DGCA for non-compliance to applicable regulations against specific incidents related to urination.

The DGCA imposed a Financial Penalty of Rs 30,00,000 on Air India for the urinating incident that took place on flight AI-102, flying from New York to New Delhi in business class in November last year.

Moreover, a Financial Penalty of Rs 3,00,000 was also imposed on the Director Flight services of Air India and the license of the pilot in command has also been suspended for three months.

In another urinating incident on Air India AI-142 flight from Paris to New Delhi, a Financial Penalty of Rs 10,00,000 has been imposed on the airlines by DGCA.

In November last year, Shankar Mishra, the man who peed on his co-passenger in the business class of an Air India flight, was arrested by Delhi Police in Bengaluru. Mishra was recently granted bail by a Delhi Court in a surety bond of Rs 1 lakh.

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Entertainment

Pathaan row: Yogi Adityanath says films should not have scenes that hurt people’s sentiments

Pathaan left behind SS Rajamouli’s RRR and KGF Chapter 2 to become the highest-grossing Indian film this year and is running successfully in cinemas now.

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Yogi Adityanath

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, in a recent interview, commented on the Pathaan and Besharam Rang rows and said films should not have scenes that hurt the public’s sentiments.

Adityanath further said filmmakers should be careful while making a film and avoid such scenes that could trigger controversy. He continued that any artist, litterateur, or anyone with accomplishments should be respected.

He also said Uttar Pradesh has made a policy for films as multiple films are being shot in the state.

Earlier, Yogi Adityanath visited Mumbai and carried out a two days roadshow to attract investors for Uttar Pradesh. During his visit, the CM interacted with film actors, makers, and producers which hit headlines after Suniel Shetty asked him to protect Bollywood from the boycott and cancel culture.

Meanwhile, Shah Rukh Khan and Deepika Padukone’s starrer Pathaan broke Aamir Khan’s Dangal record on Sunday and became the highest-grossing Hindi film. Siddharth Anand’s directorial, which is a part of Yash Raj Spy Universe, earned more than Rs 400 crore worldwide till date.

Ahead of its release, Pathaan became a topic of discussion on social media after the makers released its song, Besharam Rang. The song triggered a massive outrage on the internet and a section of users accused it of vulgarity leading to the #BoycottPathaan trend on Twitter.

Some of the users also slammed Padukone for wearing an orange bikini in Besharam Rang.

Further, Pathaan went for the Censor Board scrutiny following which the Board advised makers to make changes in its dialogue and its songs. The Board also suggested changing buttock steps from Besharam Rang which sparked a controversy on social media.

Cut to January 25, Pathaan left behind SS Rajamouli’s RRR and KGF Chapter 2 to become the highest-grossing Indian film this year and is running successfully in cinemas now.

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Indian Navy: Successful landing of Light Combat Aircraft on INS Vikrant | See Photos

With the delivery of Vikrant, India has joined a select group of countries that have the capability to design and build an indigenous aircraft carrier.

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Indian Navy: Successful landing of Light Combat Aircraft on INS Vikrant | See Photos

The Indian Navy achieved a historic milestone on Monday in the direction of self-reliant India. Navy pilots successfully landed Light Combat Aircraft LCA (Navy) on INS Vikrant. This also Demonstrates India’s capability to design, develop, build and operate an indigenous aircraft carrier with indigenous fighter aircraft.

India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh shared the photos of Light Combat Aircrafts landing on INS Vikrant and said that after INS Vikrant, work on second indigenous aircraft carrier has started. Make in India in the field of defense products, defense exports from the country has also increased by 334 percent in the last five years, as told by Rajnath Singh.

For the unversed, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inducted the country’s first indigenously built aircraft carrier (IAAC) into the Navy on September 2. The aircraft carrier was received by the Indian Navy from CSL on July 28 after successfully completing the fourth and final phase of sea trials.

Fighter jets have been brought to the aircraft carrier. It is ready to operate MiG-29K fighter aircraft, Kamov-31 helicopters and MH-60R multi-role helicopters. Moreover, with the delivery of Vikrant, India has joined a select group of countries that have the capability to design and build an indigenous aircraft carrier.

Designed by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND), a branch of the Indian Navy, this aircraft carrier was built by the public sector company CSL.

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