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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: What was the reason behind Amritsar massacre in 1919? Know why April 13 is called the darkest day in Indian history

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, marked the turning point in India’s freedom struggle.

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jallianwala bagh massacre

The Amritsar massacre, popularly known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, was a watershed moment in India’s independence war. April 13, 1919, is still remembered as the darkest day in Indian history, even after 100 years. Today marks the 103rd anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which occurred during the Baisakhi celebration.

Peaceful protest at the Jallianwala Bagh turned into massive violence after General Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to start firing which led to the deaths of hundreds of people and injuring over thousands of people.

What led to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919?

On March 10, 1919, the Rowlatt Act (Black Act) was passed, allowing the government to detain or confine anybody suspected of seditious acts without a trial. This resulted in widespread unrest. To oppose the Rowlatt Act, Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement.

The British authorities debated what action to take against Gandhi and any other Satyagraha activists. Gandhi was forbidden from visiting Punjab, and if he disobeyed the orders, he would be arrested. On Ram Navami Day, April 9, 1919, O’ Dwyer issued instructions to Deputy Commissioner Irving to arrest Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Kitchlew.

Read Also: 103 years of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Here are 7 lesser-unknown facts you must know

Thousands of people gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh to commemorate Baisakhi and peacefully protest the arrests of two prominent politicians, Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchlew. However, public meetings and processions were prohibited, which the locals were unaware of.

What happened in Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

On April 13, at least 10,000 men, women, and children assembled in the Jallianwala Bagh, which was pretty much fully surrounded by walls and had only one exit. It’s unclear how many protesters violated the restriction on public gatherings and how many people had traveled to the city from the surrounding region to celebrate Baisakhi, a spring festival.

Dyer and his men arrived and locked the door behind them. The forces opened fire on the gathering without warning, allegedly firing hundreds of bullets until they ran out of bullets. It’s unknown how many people died in the tragedy, but according to an official source, 379 people were killed, and about 1,200 wounded.

The troops fled from the spot as soon as they stopped the fire, leaving the dead and injured behind. Following the shooting, Punjab declared martial law, which included public floggings and other humiliations.

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Mamata Banerjee shares video of Sikh IPS officer accusing BJP workers of calling him a Khalistani

The West Bengal Chief Minister slammed BJP workers for their behaviour and captioned the video Today the BJP’s divisive politics has shamelessly overstepped all constitutional boundaries. She added as per BJP4India every person wearing a turban is a Khalistani.

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West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee took to X on Tuesday and shared a video of a Sikh police officer accusing BJP workers of calling him a Khalistani. Jaspreet Singh was deputed at Dhamakhali to prevent West Bengal leader of opposition Suvendu Adhikari from visiting Sandeshkhali in North 24 Parganas.

Singh got agitated after a group of BJP workers allegedly called him a Khalistani. In the video shared by the West Bengal Chief Minister, a senior police official said he will take action on this. He added just because he was wearing a turban, they are saying this. Singh asked the BJP workers if he would not have worn a turban would they call him a Khalistani? The Police officer warned them that they could not talk about his religion in this manner.

Singh can be heard saying in the shared video that he did not talk about their religion and the BJP workers cannot talk about his religion in this manner. He even asked them why did they call him a Khalistani? He was shocked to hear this and asked them if this is their level?

The West Bengal Chief Minister slammed BJP workers for their behaviour and captioned the video Today the BJP’s divisive politics has shamelessly overstepped all constitutional boundaries. She added as per BJP4India every person wearing a turban is a Khalistani.

The Chief Minister wrote she vehemently condemns this audacious attempt to undermine the reputation of Sikh brothers & Sisters, revered for their sacrifices and unwavering determination to the nation. The West Bengal chief Minister added she stands in protecting Bengal’s social harmony and will take stern lawful measures to prevent any attempts to disrupt it. BJP leader Agnimitra Paul denied the allegation and accused the police officer of not performing his duty as per constitution.

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Eknath Shinde government passes Maratha reservation bill in Maharashtra assembly

The Chief Minister said everyone has similar views here on Maratha reservation so he did not make any political statement there. He thanked everyone for their co-operation to pass the bill in the Maharashtra assembly. The Chief Minister said he had kept his promise which he made to the Maratha community.

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The Maharashtra Assembly unanimously passed a bill for separate 10% quota for the Maratha community on Tuesday. A bill that guarantees 10 % reservation in jobs and educational institutions to the Maratha community was passed. The Eknath Shinde government convened a one-day special session of the state legislature. The bill for 10% Maratha quota that the state government has approved today is similar to the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes Act, 2018, introduced by the then Devendra Fadnavis government.

This is the third time legislation has been introduced by the state government for Maratha quota. Chief Minister Eknath Shinde said he is the chief minister of the state and he works with the blessings of all. He said his government does not differentiate on the basis of caste and religion. He said if such a situation arises with any other community his stand as CM will remain the same to what his stand is for the Maratha community.

He said India’s Prime Minister always says Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas. The Chief Minister said everyone has similar views here on Maratha reservation so he did not make any political statement there. He thanked everyone for their co-operation to pass the bill in the Maharashtra assembly. The Chief Minister said he had kept his promise which he made to the Maratha community.

He thanked all his colleagues and his deputy chief ministers. He said today is a day of fulfillment of promises. The decision to call a special session was instigated by Maratha quota activist Manoj Jarange Patil who is currently undertaking a hunger strike in Antarwaali Saarati village in Jalna district.

He has demanded Kunbi certificates for all Marathas and free education from kindergarten to postgraduate levels.His demands also include reservation of seats for Marathas in government jobs as well. The Maharshtra Backward Class Commission (MBCC) has presented a report to the Eknath Shinde government which is led by Chairman Justice (Retired) Sunil Shukre.

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Chandigarh Mayor election: Supreme Court orders cancelled votes valid for recount

BJP won the Chandigarh mayoral polls on January 30 defeating AAP-Congress alliance candidate after the returning officer declared eight votes invalid.

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In a significant win for the Aam Aadmi Party, the Supreme Court ordered on Tuesday that votes for AAP Mayor Candidate Kuldeep Kumar were cast in all eight rejected ballots.

Additionally, it mandated that the poll’s votes be recounted and that these eight be recognised as legitimate votes. The Court said that results would then be announced based on it.

In order to become mayor, BJP’s Manoj Sonkar defeated Kuldeep Kumar, receiving 16 votes against to his opponent’s 12. However, Sonkar later resigned, while three AAP councillors defected to the BJP.

With the Supreme Court’s order, AAP mayoral candidate Kuldeep Kumar, who was also the petitioner in the case, has been declared winner of the election.

The eight votes that Returning Officer Anil Masih declared invalid were genuine, according to a three-judge panel led by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud. The ballots were cast in support of AAP mayoral candidate Kuldeep Kumar.

The bench observed that Anil Masih intentionally attempted to tamper with eight votes that were cast in the petitioner’s favor.

On February 5, the Supreme Court rapped the returning officer as well, saying that it was evident he had tampered with the ballots and that he should face legal consequences. It further stated that his actions amounted to murder and mockery of democracy.

Meanwhile, Delhi CM and AAP national convener Arvind Kejriwal congratulated Kuldeep Kumar on becoming the new Mayor of Chandigarh. Taking to X, formerly Twitter, he said, on behalf of INDIA alliance, many congratulations to Kuldeep Kuamr on becoming the Mayor of Chandigarh. He also said this is only possible because of Indian democracy and Supreme Court.

Following the decision, AAP’s workers were seen celebrating Supreme Court’s decision. The party workers can be seen hugging eachother as Kuldeep Kumar was announced the new Mayor of Chandigarh.

For unversed, the result of the Chandigarh Mayor polls were announced on January 30, where BJP candidate Manoj Sonkar declared winner by 16 votes.

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