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Post-demonetisation, 50 lakh men lost jobs; Women unemployment rate higher: Report

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Unemployment

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In the middle of an acrimonious election campaign with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his party BJP talking more about Pakistan, military, Muslims and Hindutva, a new report brings the focus back to hard realities within India.

The State of Working India 2019 report published by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment in Bengaluru on Tuesday, April 16, says almost 50 lakh men lost their jobs between 2016 and 2018, the “beginning of the decline in jobs” coinciding with the government’s demonetisation exercise in 2016, “although no direct causal relationship can be established based only on these trends”.

The job losses are higher when women are taken into account.

“Whether or not this decline was caused by demonetisation, it is definitely a cause for concern and calls for urgent policy intervention,” the report says.

The report said that unemployment in the country has risen steadily since 2011. The overall unemployment rate was pegged at around 6% in 2018, double what it was between 2000 and 2011.

It assesses that unemployment, in general, has risen steadily post 2011 and the higher educated and the young are vastly over-represented among the unemployed.

In addition to open employment among the educated, the less educated have seen job losses and reduced work opportunities over this time period. The numbers, says the report, clearly demonstrate why unemployment has emerged as the primary economic issue in the election.

The report used data from the Consumer Pyramids Survey of the Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy or CMIE-CPDX as official data on unemployment from the Periodic Labour Force Survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation have not been released.

The findings of the Periodic Labour Force Survey leaked in January also recorded the unemployment rate in India at a 45-year-high of 6.1% in 2017-’18.

The report said unemployment is prevalent among the higher educated and those in the age group of 20 and 24. This age group accounts for 13.5% of the working population of urban men, but 60% of the unemployed, a great cause for concern as this represents the young workforce. This is true for all segments, urban men and women, rural men and women.

“In general, women are much worse affected than men. They have higher unemployment rates as well as lower labour force participation rates,” the report states.

“In addition to rising open unemployment among the higher educated, the less educated (and likely, informal) workers have also seen job losses and reduced work opportunities since 2016,” the report said.

The CMIE-CPDX is a nationally representative survey that covers about 1,60,000 households and 5,22,000 individuals. It is conducted in “three waves” spanning four months, beginning from January of every year.

“After remaining at around 2-3 per cent for the first decade, the unemployment rate has steadily increased to around 5 per cent in 2015 and then just over 6 per cent in 2018,” the report said. “During the entire time that the overall unemployment rate was around 3 per cent, the unemployment rate among the educated was 10 per cent. It has increased since 2011 (9 per cent) to around 15-16 per cent (in 2016).”

The study also does a comparative analysis of data from three different sets of data and concludes that unemployment trends are by and large consistent in all three.

“The last three years have been one of great turmoil in the Indian labour market as well as in the system of labour statistics…. four big lessons stand out: 1. Unemployment, in general, has risen steadily post-2011, whichever survey we examine. 2. The highest education and the young are vastly over-represented among the unemployed 3. The less educated have seen job losses and reduced work opportunities in this time-period 4. Women are worse off than men with respect to levels of unemployment and reduced labour force participation,” the report states.

India’s working-age population (15+ years) increased from 95 crore 8 lakhs in 2016 to 98 crore 31 lakhs in 2018.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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Bank holidays October 2022: Banks to remain closed for 21 days due to Durga Puja, Diwali, and Chhath, check the full list of holidays here

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released the list of bank holidays in October 2022 according to the guidelines.

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Bank holidays October 2022

October is a month full of festivities across India. This means banks working days will be affected. Last month, banks were shut for 21 days based on the festivals inlcuding Onam, Heroes’ Martrydom Day, Maharaja Agrasen Jayanti, S Bhagat Singh Jayanti, and others.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released the list of bank holidays in October 2022 according to the guidelines. The RBI divides holidays into three categories-Holiday under Negotiable Instruments Act and Real-Time Gross Settlement Holiday, Holiday under Negotiable Instruments Act, and Banks’ Closing of Accounts.

In October, both private and public sector banks will remain closed for 21 days due to multiple festivals including Durga Puja/Dussehra, Diwali, and Chhath Puja including the second and fourth Saturdays and Sundays.

Check the full list of bank holidays here

  • October 1: Half Yearly Closing of Bank Accounts
  • October 2: Sunday & Gandhi Jayanti Holiday
  • October 3: Durga Puja (Maha Ashtami)
  • October 4: Durga Puja/Dussehra (Maha Navami)/Ayudha pooja/Janmotsav of Srimanta Sankardeva
  • October 5: Durga Puja/Dussehra (Vijaya Dashmi)/Janmotsav of Srimanta Sankardeva
  • October 6: Durga Puja (Dashain)
  • October 7: Durga Puja (Dashain)
  • October 8: Second Saturday Holiday and Milad-i-Sherif/Eid-i-Milad-ul-Nabi (Birthday of Prophet Muhammed)
  • October 9: Sunday
  • October 13: Karva Chauth
  • October 14: Friday following Eid-i-Milad-ul-Nabi
  • October 16: Sunday
  • October 18: Kati Bihu
  • October 22: fourth Saturday
  • October 23: Sunday
  • October 24: Kali Puja/Deepavali/Diwali (Laxmi Pujan)/Naraka Chaturdashi)
  • October 25: Laxmi Puja/Deepawali/Govardhan Pooja
  • October 26: Govardhan Pooja/Vikram Samvant New Year Day/Bhai Bij/Bhai Duj/Diwali (Bali Pratipada)/Laxmi Puja/Accession Day
  • October 27: Bhaidooj/Chitragupt Jayanti/Laxmi Puja/Deepawali/Ningol Chakkouba
  • October 30: Sunday
  • October 31: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patels Birthday/Surya Pashti Dala Chhath (Morning ardhya)/Chhath Puja

Full list of weekly bank holidays across India

  • October 16: Sunday
  • October 22: Fourth Saturday
  • October 23: Sunday
  • October 30: Sunday

October is full of festivities and to avoid any inconvenience bank holders are advised to plan their bank visit accordingly.

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10 more days to go: RBI mandates tokenisation of debit and credit cards from October 1, here are the new rules kicking in | FAQ

The last date to tokenise your cards is September 30.

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New Debit card and credit card rule

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced new rules for debit and credit card holders from October 1. Under these rules, the users are required to tokenise their debit and credit cards. The last date to tokenise your cards is September 30.

But what actually is tokenisation? Here’s all you need to know about it.

What is tokenisation of Debit and Credit cards?

As per the RBI, tokenisation refers to the replacement of actual card details with an alternate code called the token.

What is the benefit of tokenisation?

Since the merchant is not given access to the actual card information while completing the transaction, tokenized card transactions are perceived to be safer.

Will the merchant have access to your personal information after tokenisation?

The merchants can’t store information like CVV and the number while making a transaction. RBI considers tokenisation as the more secure and safest online payment system.

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How can the tokenisation be carried out?

By submitting a request through the token requestor’s app, the cardholder can have their card tokenized. The token requestor will send the request to the card network, and with the card issuer’s approval, the card network will issue a token corresponding to the combination of the card, the token requestor, and the device.

How to tokenise your card?

Step 1: Visit the merchant’s website or app and initiate a transaction.
Step 2: Select the credit or debit card and enter the CVV details.
Step 3: Then an option will pop up-either- Secure your card or Save card as per RBI guidelines. Tick-mark the check box.
Step 4: After that, you will receive the OTP on your registered mobile number.
Step 5: Now, the tokenisation process is done.

Can you de-tokenise the card?

Yes, you can convert the token back to actual card details. This is known as de-tokenisation.

What are the charges that the customer needs to pay for availing of this service?

The customer need not pay any charges for availing of this service.

How is tokenisation different from Credit and Debit cards?

The 16-digit card number will be replaced with a token that is created by the card network and sent back to the retailer. The retailer will keep a record of this token for the next transactions. To continue with the approval process, they must enter their CVV and OTP.

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Cyrus Mistry, former Tata Group chairman, dies in road accident in Palghar

The official said four people were in the car when the accident happened, of which two succumbed to injuries.

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Cyrus Mistry, former Tata Group chairman, dies in road accident in Palghar

Industrialist and former Tata Sons chairman Cyrus Mistry died in a car accident on Sunday. The accident took place in Palghar at around 3:15 pm on a bridge over the Surya river when the 54-year-old was travelling to Mumbai from Ahmedabad. The industrialist succumbed to injuries.

According to the reports, Mistry was returning from Ahmedabad when his car hit the divider on the road. The reports of his demise have been confirmed by the Palghar Superintendent of Police.

The official said four people were in the car when the accident happened, of which two succumbed to injuries. The other two, including the driver, have been injured. All the injured have been admitted to a local hospital in Kasa. The industrialist was travelling in a Mercedes car.

Mistry is survived by his wife Rohiqa Chagla, the daughter of lawyer Iqbal Chagla and granddaughter of jurist M.C. Chagla, and two sons Firoz Mistry and Zahan Mistry.

Cyrus Mistry’s daughter Aloo is the wife of Noel Tata, Ratan Tata’s step-brother.

All you need to know about Cyrus Mistry

Cyrus Pallonji Mistry was the sixth chairman of the Tata Group and only the second after Nowroji Saklatwala, to not bear the surname Tata.

After Ratan Tata announced his retirement in December 2012, Cyrus Mistry took over as chairman.

He assumed leadership of the Tata Group in December of that year after being chosen by a selection committee in mid-2012. But after 4 years he was removed in a boardroom coup led by Tata Trusts, which owned 66 per cent of Tata Sons and was controlled by Ratan Tata.  

Natarajan Chandrasekaran was appointed as the new chairman a few months after the former chairman, Ratan Tata, returned as an interim chairman.

In May, the Supreme Court rejected a petition by the Sapoorji Pallonji (SP) group asking for a review of the 2021 judgement upholding the Tata group’s decision to oust Cyrus Mistry as executive chairman of the Tata Sons.

After his Tata stint, Cyrus went on to set up a venture capital firm, Mistry Ventures LLP.

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