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Constitution Day 2021: Why Constitution of India is called borrowed document? Is it right to call Indian Constitution bag of borrowing?

The Indian Constitution is the world’s longest written constitution, with 448 articles divided into 25 sections, 12 schedules, 5 appendices, and 98 amendments.



Constitution Day 2021: Why Constitution of India is called borrowed document? Is it right to call Indian Constitution bag of borrowing?

The Indian Constitution is the fundamental legislation of the country and is regarded as the foundation of democracy in our country. The Indian Constitution is the world’s longest written constitution, with 448 articles divided into 25 sections, 12 schedules, 5 appendices, and 98 amendments.

Indian Constitution is an umbrella of rights that gives the citizens of the country an assurance of free and fair societies.

On 29 August 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the chairmanship of Dr B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India and it was 26 November 1949 when the Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution.

Indian Constitution adopts various features from the Constitutions of many countries and this is the reason it is known as the bag of borrowings or borrowed documents. Despite borrowed documents, it contains all the structure, functioning and working of the Government of India.

Here we present you with the features of the Indian Constitution that are borrowed from other nations.

Constitution of United States1. Preamble
2. Fundamental Rights
3. Federal structure of government
4. Electoral College
5. Independence of the judiciary and separation of powers
among the three branches of the government
6. Judicial review
7. President as Supreme Commander of Armed Forces
8. Equal protection under law
Irish Constitution (Ireland)1. Directive Principles of State Policy
2. Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
3. Method of Election of President
Australian Constitution1. Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the states
2. Power of the national legislature to make laws for implementing treaties, even on matters outside normal Federal jurisdiction
3. Concurrent List
British Constitution1. Parliamentary form of government
2. The idea of single citizenship
3. The idea of the Rule of law
4. Writs
5. Institution of Speaker and his role
6. Lawmaking procedure
7. Procedure established by Law
Canadian Constitution1. A quasi-federal form of government — a federal system with a strong central government
2. Distribution of powers between the central government and state governments
3. Residual powers retained by the central government
French Constitution 1. Republic and the ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Preamble
Constitution of
Soviet Union (USSR)
1. Fundamental Duties under Article 51-A
2. A Constitutionally mandated Planning Commission to oversee the development of the economy
Constitution of
1. Procedure Established by Law
Constitution of
South Africa
1. Procedure for amendment
2. Election of Rajya Sabha members
Constitution of
1. Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union
2. Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency
Constitution of
1. Fundamental Duties
2. Idea of Social, Economic, and Political Justice in Preamble
Government of
India Act 1935
1. Federal Scheme
2. Emergency Provisions
3. Public Service Commissions
4. Office of Governor
5. Judiciary
6. Administrative Details
Constitution Day 2021: Here are short essays that can make you win competition

Is Indian Constitution a borrowed bag?

The Indian Constitution is a one-of-a-kind constitution that was designed over the course of three years by the constituent assembly. Even while some aspects of the Indian constitution are taken from other countries, it is incorrect to claim that it is a bag of borrowings. Read to know why!

Read Also: Constitution Day 2021: Here are short essays that can make you win competition on Samvidhan Diwas

  1. Even though various provisions are borrowed from other countries’ constitution but they are incorporated into the Indian Constitution to fit its political ideology and governance. They are not exactly copied.
  2. The Indian Constitution is the most extensive constitution in the world. The American Constitution includes only seven articles, the Australian Constitution has 128 articles, the Indian Constitution initially had 395 articles and has now extended to 448.
  3. The Indian Constitution is distinctive in both content and spirit.
  4. It is written with the historical perspective of Indian nationalist struggles in mind, as well as keeping the geographical variety of India in consideration. Its unique and distinctive attributes and aspects distinguish it apart from any other country.

India News

Dalit man beaten by mob in Telangana, video goes viral | Watch

Police have also registered a case against the mob and are probing further, whereas the victim was rushed to the hospital and is undergoing treatment.



A harrowing story of caste based violence has come to light from Telangana’s Vikarabad district where a 26-year-old Dalit man was mercilessly beaten up by a mob of Shiva devotees. According to reports, the vicious attack ensued right in front of the police.

The incident reportedly transpired in Devanoor village.

As per the reports, the Dalit man was beaten up by the mob of men for allegedly wearing Shiva Mala after which the devotees were left enraged and beat up the man. Reports suggest the devotees who turned to such violent measures allegedly belonged to Vishwa Hindu Parishad.

In the viral video, a huge mob of hindu devotees can be seen charging and attacking a Dalit man. The video also shows another man being brutally beaten up by a second group of mobs as the situation escalated.

The video also shows the relentless and brave police officers trying to stop the mob and also trying to take the dalit man away from the mob of men.

Watch video here:

It was reported that the 26-year-old victim was rushed to the hospital and is reportedly undergoing treatment for his injuries.

Police have also registered a case against the attacking mob and are probing further, suggests reports.

Twitter reactions

After the video went viral many users came forward to add their take on the incident as one user wrote and condemned the actions by the Shiva devotees. The user also termed the actions by the Shiva devotees to be thuggery. The user also highlighted that the mob neglected the police who were there and continued to attack the Dalit man.

The user also wrote and said that such mobocracy should be dealt with sternly.

One user also wrote and said that the mob assaulting the man claiming to be Shiva devotees are a disgrace to all those who have faith in Shiva, implying that the people who believe in lord Shiva would never do such things.

One user also lauded the brave and relentless police officials who can be seen trying to save and protect the two men in the video. The user also wrote and said that it is rare to see Indian police in Modi’s rule to protect the victims from such hooliganism.

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Delhi news

Delhi man murders father for refusing to give him money for drugs, arrested



In a shocking incident, a son allegedly murdered his own father after the latter refused to give him money to buy drugs, police said on Wednesday, adding that the accused has been arrested.

The victim, identified as Suresh Kumar, 65, a resident of Sri Nagar of Shakurpur village in Delhi, got into a scuffle with his son who was asking him for money to buy drugs. Police reached the spot after receiving information about the fight in Subhash Place area of northwest Delhi and found the victim with grievous injuries.

Officials said that Suresh had sustained serious injuries and cuts and was bleeding from one of his ears. He was rushed to a nearby hospital where he was declared brought dead.

A case was registered and investigation into the incident revealed that Suresh had engaged in a scuffle with his son Ajay Kumar, 30, over the latter demanding money from his father. Police said that Suresh refused to give Ajay money for drugs resulting in a brawl in which the victim was grievously injured.

The accused has been arrested and booked under Section 302 (murder) of the Indian Penal Code. Further investigation is ongoing.

In a similar incident an 18-year-old and a juvenile boy were arrested with the death of a Class 12 student who was stabbed to death in southeast Delhi’s Kalkaji on Wednesday.

Shiva Chaudhary, a resident of Pul Prahladpur resident was arrested while a 15-year-old school student was apprehended, police said.

The Class 12 student was allegedly stabbed on Monday after a quarrel between two groups of students near Hansraj Sethi Park. He was admitted to Purnima Sethi Hospital where he succumbed.

The police registered a murder case and found during investigations that there was a minor scuffle between the victim’s friends with students from another school near Govindpuri Metro station on January 28.

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India News

Ayodhya Ram Mandir: All you need to know about Shaligram stones sent from Nepal for idols’ construction

The idol of lord Ram will be made of these Shaligram stone.



Ayodhya Ram Mandir: All you need to know about Shaligram stones sent from Nepal for idols' construction

Shaligram stones brought to Ayodhya from Janakpur, a famous religious place in Nepal is being worshipped at the Ram Mandir. Former Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal worshiped the Mahant of Janaki Temple. After worshiping according to Vedic rituals, Shaligram Shila was handed over to Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust.

As soon as the Shaligram Yatra entered the highway late night, slogans of Jai Shri Ram started echoing. People showered flowers and there was a lot of fireworks. On reaching Ayodhya, Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust General Secretary Champat Rai, Trustee Dr. Anil Mishra, outgoing Mayor Rishikesh Upadhyay and other BJP leaders welcomed the Shaligram by showering flowers.

For the unversed, along with the construction work of Ram temple in Ayodhya, the work of Ramlala’s statue is also going on with a high pace. The idol of lord Ram will be made of these Shaligram stone. As per Hindu believes, as Shivling is considered as the form of Lord Shankar similarly, Shaligram is considered an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

What is Shaligram?

According to science, Shaligram is a black colored ammonoid fossil, found in black, brown, white, grey, blue color and sometimes with golden glow. Shaligram is generally collected by the people from the banks of the holy river Gandaki of Hinduism and is the sacred name of Lord Vishnu. However, it is also known as Salgram, as per Hindu believes.

It is related to a village named Salgram. This village is situated on the banks of the Gandaki river in Nepal. Shaligram and Shivling are considered as deities of God. According to Puranas, only this Deity form of God should be worshipped. Apart from the Shivling form of Lord Shiva, there is only one temple of Shaligram in the whole world. Mostly in Hinduism, idols are worshipped, but before the idols, Lord Brahma was worshiped in the form of conch shell, Lord Shiva in the form of Shivling and Lord Vishnu in the form of Shaligram.

According to reports, there is a place Muktinath in Nepal. The only temple of Shaligram is present here. However, there are approximately 33 different types of Shaligrams. These 33 types are associated with the 24 incarnations of Lord Vishnu. It is said that all these 24 Shaligrams are related to the same number of Ekadashi fasts. According to the incarnations of God, the circular Shaligram is believed to be the Gopal form of Lord Vishnu.

Fish shaped Shaligram is considered as the incarnation of Matsya. The shape of the tortoise is considered to be the symbol of Kachhapa or Kurma avatar. On the other hand, the chakra that emerges in Shaligram or the Shaligram which has lines, is considered as the form of Shri Krishna.

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