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Navratri 2022: A look at the nine forms of Goddess Durga and the stories behind them

According to legends Durga battled Mahishasura for nine straight days and was able to defeat him on the night of the 9th day. The tenth day is what came to be known and celebrated as Vijayadashami.

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With Shardiya Navratri being around the corner, many might have questions about goddess Durga and her different reincarnations being celebrated during the time of Shardiya Navratri. According to legends and manuscripts, Goddess Durga, during her battle with the demon Mahishasura, took avatars each day to fight and triumph over Mahishasura, those avatars came to be known as her nine avatars.

According to legends, Durga battled demon Mahishasura for nine straight days and was able to defeat him on the night of the 9th day. The tenth day is what came to be known and celebrated as Vijayadashami. Goddess Durga, because of her nine forms is also known as Navdurga and her 9 avatars are Shailaputir, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushamanda, Skandamata, Katyayni, Kalartri, Mahagauri, Siddhatri.

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Goddess Shailaputri

Maa Shailaputri is celebrated on the first day of Shardiya Navratri and is the first avatar of Goddess Durga. The depiction of Goddess Durga’s Shailaputri avatar is depicted with a Trishul in one hand and a lotus in the other hand. Goddess Shailaputri’s Vahan or ride is a bull known as Nandi. Goddess Parvati got her name as Shail, which in Sanskrit means mountain, as she was the daughter of Himalaya according to manuscripts.

Goddess Brahmacharini

Goddess Brahmacharini, who is celebrated on the second day of Shardiya Navratri, is depicted barefoot and holding a Rudraksha Mala in one hand and Kamadalu in the other. The Brahmacharini avatar is a state which represents the Parvati in the state of deep meditation to gratify lord Shiva.

Goddess Chandraghanta

The third day is devoted to the worship of Goddess Chandraghanta. The goddess got her name as she, in the Chandraghanta avatar, is depicted with 10-arms with a crescent moon on her forehead, hence the name. The Vahan or the ride for Chandraghanta is the tiger.

Goddess Kushmanda

Goddess Kushamanda is celebrated on the fourth day of Shardiya Navratri which is known as the Chaturthi. Goddess Kushamanda attained her name as her name means the creator of the Universe. The goddess is depicted with eight hands, six of which hold discus, mace, lotus, bow, and arrow on one side, and on the other side, she bears a sword, rosary, a jar of honey, and a waterpot. Goddess Kushmanda’s Vahan or ride is a lion.

Goddess Skandamata

Goddess Skandamata is worshipped on the fifth day or Panchami of the festival. Goddess Skandamata is depicted with four arms as two of her hands carry a lotus and on the other two, she carries Kamandalu and a bell. She can also be seen carrying a Skanda on her lap as her Vahan or ride is a lotus.

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Goddess Katyayni

Godess Katyayni is worshipped on the sixth day of the Navratri festival. Katyayni also known as the warrior goddess is the most violent form of goddess Parvati. She is depicted with a sword and rides a lion.

Goddess Kaalratri

On the seventh day or Saptami of Navratri, the devotees worship goddess Parvati’s form of Kaalratri. According to legends, Kaalratri sacrificed her skin and embraced a pigmented color to kill the demon Mahishasura. She is depicted as a four-armed deity, carrying a sword, a trident, and a noose. She also has a third eye on her forehead. Goddess Kaalratri’s Vahan or ride is a donkey.

Goddess Mahagauri

Goddess Mahargauri is worshipped on the eighth day or Durga Asthami of the festival. The portrayal of goddess Durga is shown to have four arms in which she carries a Trishul, Damru.
The goddess’s Vahan of choice is either a bull or a white elephant.

Goddess Siddhidatri

On the final day of Navratri, goddess Sidhhidhatri is worshipped. The depiction of Goddess Siddhidatri is shown as her having four arms in which she holds a mace, discus, book, and a lotus. The last form of Goddess Parvati symbolizes perfection.

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Andhra Pradesh News

Visakhapatnam to be the new capital of Andhra Pradesh, says CM Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy

CM Reddy had also told the officials to find space for residences and offices for all to start from Vishakhapatnam.

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CM Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy

On Tuesday, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy announced that Visakhapatnam would become the state’s new capital in the coming months. The YSR Congress chief’s remarks came as the Supreme Court was hearing the case of developing Amravati as the state capital of South India.

The decision to choose a new capital for Andhra comes nine years after the state of Telangana was carved off from its territory and given Hyderabad as its capital.

CM Reddy invited investors and industrialists to Vishakhapatnam, where the global investment summit is scheduled for March 3 and 4, this year, during a speech at a global investors conference in Delhi. He also stated that he would be relocating to Visakhapatnam in the coming months.

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The capital of Andhra Pradesh has always been the talk of the town. Earlier in 2015, the then Chief Minister of state Chandrababu Naidu said Amaravati would be the capital but, five years later, a proposal to have three capital cities was floated.

Under that scheme, Visakhapatnam and Kurnool would join Amaravati; the latter would be the legislative centre of power, Kurnool the judicial capital, and Visakhapatnam the executive capital of Andhra Pradesh. However, in March 2022, the court ruled against the plan to have three capitals and told the government to develop Amravati.

CM Reddy had also told the officials to find space for residences and offices for all to start from Vishakhapatnam.

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Asaram Bapu gets life imprisonment in 2013 rape case

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India News

Asaram Bapu gets life imprisonment in 2013 rape case

Gandhinagar Sessions Court on Tuesday sentenced life imprisonment to the self-styled godman Asaram Bapu in the 2013 Rape Case.

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Asaram Bapu

BREAKING: Gandhinagar Sessions Court on Tuesday sentenced life imprisonment to the self-styled godman Asaram Bapu in the 2013 Rape Case.

The Court convicted him on Monday in a rape case filed by a Surat-based disciple in 2013 for repeatedly raping her from 2001 to 2006 while she was staying in his ashram in Ahmedabad.

As per the FIR filed against Asaram Bapu at Chandkheda police station in Ahmedabad, Bapu with six others raped the woman disciple on several occasions before she managed to escape. The chargesheet for the same was filed in July 2014.

The 81-year-old is currently serving a life sentence in the Jodhpur Central Jail for raping a 16-year-old girl in his Jodhpur Ashram in 2013.

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India News

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman tables Economic Survey 2023, check highlights here

The survey said India’s economy is projected to slow to 6.5 per cent in the fiscal year from April, however, it will remain the fastest-growing major economy in the world.

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Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman

Followed by the maiden address by President Droupadi Murmu, Finance Sitharaman Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey for 2023 on Tuesday ahead of the Union Budget 2023.

The survey said India’s economy is projected to slow to 6.5 per cent in the fiscal year from April, however, it will remain the fastest-growing major economy in the world.

Economic Survey 2023: Highlights

  • India will remain the fastest-growing major economy in the world.
  • The country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will grow 6.5 per cent in 2023-24 as compared to 7 per cent this fiscal and 8.7 per cent in 2021-22.
  • India is the third-largest economy in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms and the fifth-largest in terms of the exchange rate.
  • The Economic Survey 2023 also said GDP in nominal terms will be 11 per cent in the next fiscal.
  • The optimistic growth will be influenced by the rebound of private consumption that will boost production activity, higher capital expenditure, and near-universal vaccination coverage. This will enable citizens to spend on contact-based services like cinemas, hotels, restaurants, and shopping malls.
  • The Survey also highlighted the challenge to rupee with the likelihood of further interest rate hikes by the US Fed and said India’s recovery from the coronavirus pandemic was relatively quick and the growth will be supported by a pick-up in capital investment and solid domestic demand.
  • Highlighting the exports, the Survey said the growth moderated in the second half of the current fiscal and further said shrinking global trade and slowing world growth led to the loss of export stimulus in the second half of the current year.
  • The Survey also highlighted the return of migrant workers to cities to work on construction sites which led to a significant decline in the housing market inventory which is also a factor for the optimistic growth projection.

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